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4 "Trauma severity indices"
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Original Articles
Impact of nonphysician, technology-guided alert level selection on rates of appropriate trauma triage in the United States: a before and after study
Megan E. Harrigan, Pamela A. Boremski, Bryan R. Collier, Allison N. Tegge, Jacob R. Gillen
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(3):231-241.   Published online September 13, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2023.0020
  • 1,350 View
  • 32 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The rates of overtriage and undertriage are critical metrics in trauma care, influenced by the criteria for trauma team activation (TTA) and compliance with these criteria. An analysis of undertriaged patients at a level I trauma center revealed suboptimal compliance with existing criteria. This study was conducted to assess triage patterns after the implementation of compliance-focused process interventions.
Methods
Several workflow changes were made to transform a physician-driven, free-text alert system into a nonphysician, hospital dispatcher–guided system. The latter system employs dropdown menus to maximize compliance with existing TTA criteria. The preintervention period included patients who presented to the level I trauma center between May 12, 2020, and December 31, 2020. The postintervention period incorporated patients who presented from May 12, 2021, through December 31, 2021. We evaluated the rates of appropriate triage, overtriage, and undertriage using the Standardized Trauma Assessment Tool and patient characteristics from the trauma registry. All statistical analyses were conducted with an α level of 0.05.
Results
The patient characteristics were largely comparable between the preintervention and postintervention groups. The new system was associated with improved overall compliance with the existing TTA criteria (from 70.3% to 79.3%, P=0.023) and a decreased rate of undertriage (from 6.0% to 3.2%, P=0.002) at the expense of increasing overtriage (from 46.6% to 57.4%, P<0.001), ultimately decreasing the appropriate triage rate (from 78.4% to 74.6%, P=0.007).
Conclusions
This study assessed an easily implementable workflow change designed to improve compliance with TTA criteria. Improved compliance decreased undertriage rates to below the target threshold of 5%, albeit at the expense of increased overtriage. The observed decrease in appropriate triage despite compliance improvements suggests that the current TTA criteria at this institution are not adequately tailored to optimally balance the minimization of both undertriage and overtriage. This finding underscores the importance of improved compliance in evaluating the efficacy of TTA criteria.
Summary
Validity of the scoring system for traumatic liver injury: a generalized estimating equation analysis
Kangho Lee, Dongyeon Ryu, Hohyun Kim, Chang Ho Jeon, Jae Hun Kim, Chan Yong Park, Seok Ran Yeom
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(1):25-33.   Published online September 7, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2021.0009
  • 3,534 View
  • 105 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
The scoring system for traumatic liver injury (SSTLI) was developed in 2015 to predict mortality in patients with polytraumatic liver injury. This study aimed to validate the SSTLI as a prognostic factor in patients with polytrauma and liver injury through a generalized estimating equation analysis. Methods: The medical records of 521 patients with traumatic liver injury from January 2015 to December 2019 were reviewed. The primary outcome variable was in-hospital mortality. All the risk factors were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The SSTLI has five clinical measures (age, Injury Severity Score, serum total bilirubin level, prothrombin time, and creatinine level) chosen based on their predictive power. Each measure is scored as 0–1 (age and Injury Severity Score) or 0–3 (serum total bilirubin level, prothrombin time, and creatinine level). The SSTLI score corresponds to the total points for each item (0–11 points). Results: The areas under the curve of the SSTLI to predict mortality on post-traumatic days 0, 1, 3, and 5 were 0.736, 0.783, 0.830, and 0.824, respectively. A very good to excellent positive correlation was observed between the probability of mortality and the SSTLI score (γ=0.997, P<0.001). A value of 5 points was used as the threshold to distinguish low-risk (<5) from high-risk (≥5) patients. Multivariate analysis using the generalized estimating equation in the logistic regression model indicated that the SSTLI score was an independent predictor of mortality (odds ratio, 1.027; 95% confidence interval, 1.018–1.036; P<0.001). Conclusions: The SSTLI was verified to predict mortality in patients with polytrauma and liver injury. A score of ≥5 on the SSTLI indicated a high-risk of post-traumatic mortality.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Liver Trauma: Management in the Emergency Setting and Medico-Legal Implications
    Angela Saviano, Veronica Ojetti, Christian Zanza, Francesco Franceschi, Yaroslava Longhitano, Ermelinda Martuscelli, Aniello Maiese, Gianpietro Volonnino, Giuseppe Bertozzi, Michela Ferrara, Raffaele La Russa
    Diagnostics.2022; 12(6): 1456.     CrossRef
Prognostic Accuracy of the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment for Outcomes Among Patients with Trauma in the Emergency Department: A Comparison with the Modified Early Warning Score, Revised Trauma Score, and Injury Severity Score
Min Woo Kang, Seo Young Ko, Sung Wook Song, Woo Jeong Kim, Young Joon Kang, Kyeong Won Kang, Hyun Soo Park, Chang Bae Park, Jeong Ho Kang, Ji Hwan Bu, Sung Kgun Lee
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(1):3-12.   Published online December 17, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0048
  • 4,001 View
  • 158 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

To evaluate the severity of trauma, many scoring systems and predictive models have been presented. The quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) is a simple scoring system based on vital signs, and we expect it to be easier to apply to trauma patients than other trauma assessment tools.

Methods

This study was a cross-sectional study of trauma patients who visited the emergency department of Jeju National University Hospital. We excluded patients under the age of 18 years and unknown outcomes. We calculated the qSOFA, the Modified Early Warning Score (mEWS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS), and Injury Severity Score (ISS) based on patients’ initial vital signs and assessments performed in the emergency department (ED). The primary outcome was mortality within 14 days of trauma. We analyzed qSOFA scores using multivariate logistic regression analysis and compared the predictive accuracy of these scoring systems using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC).

Results

In total, 27,764 patients were analyzed. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis of the qSOFA, the adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence interval (CI) for mortality relative to a qSOFA score of 0 were 27.82 (13.63–56.79) for a qSOFA score of 1, 373.31 (183.47–759.57) for a qSOFA score of 2, and 494.07 (143.75–1698.15) for a qSOFA score of 3. In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for the qSOFA, mEWS, ISS, and RTS in predicting the outcomes, for mortality, the AUROC for the qSOFA (AUROC [95% CI]; 0.912 [0.871–0.952]) was significantly greater than those for the ISS (0.700 [0.608–0.793]) and RTS (0.160 [0.108–0.211]).

Conclusions

The qSOFA was useful for predicting the prognosis of trauma patients evaluated in the ED.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Clinical utility of the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score in predicting life-threatening traumatic hemorrhage: An observational study
    Susumu Matsushime, Akira Kuriyama
    The American Journal of Surgery.2024; 229: 140.     CrossRef
  • Multifaceted Analysis of the Environmental Factors in Severely Injured Trauma: A 30-Day Survival Analysis
    Sung Woo Jang, Hae Rim Kim, Pil Young Jung, Jae Sik Chung
    Healthcare.2023; 11(9): 1333.     CrossRef
  • Predictive value of quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score in risk assessment and outcome prediction in blunt trauma patients: A prospective observational study
    Nidhisha Sadhwani, Vinaya Ambore, Girish Bakhshi
    Annals of Medicine & Surgery.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Report
Non-Operatively Treated Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture with Posterior Ligamentous Complex Injury: Case Report and Consideration on the Limitation of Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity (TLICS) Score
Woo-Keun Kwon, Jong-Keon Oh, Jun-Min Cho, Taek-Hyun Kwon, Youn-Kwan Park, Hong Joo Moon, Joo Han Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2018;31(2):76-81.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.31.2.76
  • 3,856 View
  • 63 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Fractures at the thoracolumbar region are commonly followed after major traumatic injuries, and up to 20% of these fractures are known to be burst fractures. Making surgical decisions for these patients are of great interest however there is no golden standard so far. Since the introduction of Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity (TLICS) score in 2007, it has been widely used as a referential guideline for making surgical decisions in thoracolumbar fractures. However, there is still limitations in this system. In this clinical case report, we introduce a L1 burst fracture after motor vehicle injury, who was successfully treated conservatively even while she was graded as a TLICS 5 injury. A case report is presented as well as discussion on the limitations of this grading system.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nonoperative Management in Intact Burst Fracture Patient With Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score of 5: A Case Report
    Gersham J Rainone, Yash Patel, Cody Woodhouse, Ryan Sauber, Alexander Yu
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury