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8 "Hohyun Kim"
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Original Articles
Clinical characteristics of patients with the hardware failure after surgical stabilization of rib fractures in Korea: a case series
Na Hyeon Lee, Sun Hyun Kim, Seon Hee Kim, Dong Yeon Ryu, Sang Bong Lee, Chan Ik Park, Hohyun Kim, Gil Hwan Kim, Youngwoong Kim, Hyun Min Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(3):196-205.   Published online September 5, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2023.0026
  • 882 View
  • 42 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) is widely used in patients with flail chests, and several studies have reported the efficacy of SSRF even in multiple rib fractures. However, few reports have discussed the hardware failure (HF) of implanted plates. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with HF after SSRF and further investigate the related factors.
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of patients who underwent SSRF for multiple rib fractures at a level I trauma center in Korea between January 2014 and January 2021. We defined HF as the unintentional loosening of screws, dislocation, or breakage of the implanted plates. The baseline characteristics, surgical outcomes, and types of HF were assessed.
Results
During the study period, 728 patients underwent SSRF, of whom 80 (10.9%) were diagnosed with HF. The mean age of HF patients was 56.5±13.6 years, and 66 (82.5%) were men. There were 59 cases (73.8%) of screw loosening, 21 (26.3%) of plate breakage, 17 (21.3%) of screw migration, and seven (8.8%) of plate dislocation. Nine patients (11.3%) experienced wound infection, and 35 patients (43.8%) experienced chronic pain. A total of 21 patients (26.3%) underwent reoperation for plate removal. The patients in the reoperation group were significantly younger, had fewer fractures and plates, underwent costal fixation, and had a longer follow-up. There were no significant differences in subjective chest symptoms or lung capacity.
Conclusions
HF after SSRF occurred in 10.9% of the cases, and screw loosening was the most common. Further longitudinal studies are needed to identify risk factors for SSRF failure.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Komplikationen nach operativer vs. konservativer Versorgung des schweren Thoraxtraumas
    Lars Becker, Marcel Dudda, Christof Schreyer
    Die Unfallchirurgie.2024; 127(3): 204.     CrossRef
Validity of the scoring system for traumatic liver injury: a generalized estimating equation analysis
Kangho Lee, Dongyeon Ryu, Hohyun Kim, Chang Ho Jeon, Jae Hun Kim, Chan Yong Park, Seok Ran Yeom
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(1):25-33.   Published online September 7, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2021.0009
  • 3,119 View
  • 103 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
The scoring system for traumatic liver injury (SSTLI) was developed in 2015 to predict mortality in patients with polytraumatic liver injury. This study aimed to validate the SSTLI as a prognostic factor in patients with polytrauma and liver injury through a generalized estimating equation analysis. Methods: The medical records of 521 patients with traumatic liver injury from January 2015 to December 2019 were reviewed. The primary outcome variable was in-hospital mortality. All the risk factors were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The SSTLI has five clinical measures (age, Injury Severity Score, serum total bilirubin level, prothrombin time, and creatinine level) chosen based on their predictive power. Each measure is scored as 0–1 (age and Injury Severity Score) or 0–3 (serum total bilirubin level, prothrombin time, and creatinine level). The SSTLI score corresponds to the total points for each item (0–11 points). Results: The areas under the curve of the SSTLI to predict mortality on post-traumatic days 0, 1, 3, and 5 were 0.736, 0.783, 0.830, and 0.824, respectively. A very good to excellent positive correlation was observed between the probability of mortality and the SSTLI score (γ=0.997, P<0.001). A value of 5 points was used as the threshold to distinguish low-risk (<5) from high-risk (≥5) patients. Multivariate analysis using the generalized estimating equation in the logistic regression model indicated that the SSTLI score was an independent predictor of mortality (odds ratio, 1.027; 95% confidence interval, 1.018–1.036; P<0.001). Conclusions: The SSTLI was verified to predict mortality in patients with polytrauma and liver injury. A score of ≥5 on the SSTLI indicated a high-risk of post-traumatic mortality.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Liver Trauma: Management in the Emergency Setting and Medico-Legal Implications
    Angela Saviano, Veronica Ojetti, Christian Zanza, Francesco Franceschi, Yaroslava Longhitano, Ermelinda Martuscelli, Aniello Maiese, Gianpietro Volonnino, Giuseppe Bertozzi, Michela Ferrara, Raffaele La Russa
    Diagnostics.2022; 12(6): 1456.     CrossRef
Effects of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic on Outcomes among Patients with Polytrauma at a Single Regional Trauma Center in South Korea
Sun Hyun Kim, Dongyeon Ryu, Hohyun Kim, Kangho Lee, Chang Ho Jeon, Hyuk Jin Choi, Jae Hoon Jang, Jae Hun Kim, Seok Ran Yeom
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(3):155-161.   Published online June 4, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0064
  • 3,729 View
  • 120 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has necessitated a redistribution of resources to meet hospitals’ service needs. This study investigated the impact of COVID-19 on a regional trauma center in South Korea.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed cases of polytrauma at a single regional trauma center in South Korea between January 20 and September 30, 2020 (the COVID-19 period) and compared them to cases reported during the same time frame (January 20 to September 30) between 2016 and 2019 (the pre-COVID-19 period). The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes included the number of daily admissions, hospital length of stay (LOS), and intensive care unit (ICU) LOS.

Results

The mean number of daily admissions decreased by 15% during the COVID-19 period (4.0±2.0 vs. 4.7±2.2, p=0.010). There was no difference in mechanisms of injury between the two periods. For patients admitted during the COVID-19 period, the hospital LOS was significantly shorter (10 days [interquartile range (IQR) 4–19 days] vs. 16 days [IQR 8–28 days], p<0.001); however, no significant differences in ICU LOS and mortality were found.

Conclusions

The observations at Regional Trauma Center, Pusan National University Hospital corroborate anecdotal reports that there has been a decline in the number of patients admitted to hospitals during the COVID-19 period. In addition, patients admitted during the COVID-19 pandemic had a significantly shorter hospital LOS than those admitted before the COVID-19 pandemic. These preliminary data warrant validation in larger, multi-center studies.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Patientensicherheit bei differenzierter (innerklinischer) Schockraumaktivierung für Schwerverletzte
    S. Hagel, K. R. Liedtke, S. Bax, S. Wailke, T. Klüter, P. Behrendt, G. M. Franke, A. Seekamp, P. Langguth, A. Balandin, M. Grünewald, D. Schunk
    Die Unfallchirurgie.2023; 126(6): 441.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics of Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury in a Regional Trauma Center: A Single-Center Study
    Mahnjeong Ha, Seunghan Yu, Byung Chul Kim, Jung Hwan Lee, Hyuk Jin Choi, Won Ho Cho
    Korean Journal of Neurotrauma.2023; 19(1): 6.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Injury Pattern and Outcomes of Trauma Patients after COVID-19 Pandemic: A Retrospective Cohort Study
    Myungjin Jang, Mina Lee, Giljae Lee, Jungnam Lee, Kangkook Choi, Byungchul Yu
    Healthcare.2023; 11(8): 1074.     CrossRef
  • Análise do atendimento primário de pacientes vítimas de violência interpessoal e autodirigida durante a pandemia da COVID-19
    HELOÍSA MORO TEIXEIRA, ANGEL ADRIANY DA-SILVA, ANNE KAROLINE CARDOZO DA-ROCHA, MARIANA ROTHERMEL VALDERRAMA, RAFAELLA STRADIOTTO BERNARDELLI, VITÓRIA WISNIEVSKI MARUCCO SILVA, LUIZ CARLOS VON BAHTEN
    Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of primary care of victims of interpersonal and self inflicted violence during the COVID-19 pandemic
    HELOÍSA MORO TEIXEIRA, ANGEL ADRIANY DA-SILVA, ANNE KAROLINE CARDOZO DA-ROCHA, MARIANA ROTHERMEL VALDERRAMA, RAFAELLA STRADIOTTO BERNARDELLI, VITÓRIA WISNIEVSKI MARUCCO SILVA, LUIZ CARLOS VON BAHTEN
    Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Clinical Characteristics of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients According to the Mechanism Before and After COVID-19
    Jonghyun Sung, Jongwook Choi, Kum Whang, Sung Min Cho, Jongyeon Kim, Seung Jin Lee, Yeon gyu Jang
    Korean Journal of Neurotrauma.2023; 19(3): 307.     CrossRef
  • Outcomes improvement despite continuous visits of severely injured patients during the COVID-19 outbreak: experience at a regional trauma centre in South Korea
    Sooyeon Kang, Ji Eun Park, Ji Wool Ko, Myoung Jun Kim, Young Un Choi, Hongjin Shim, Keum Seok Bae, Kwangmin Kim
    BMC Emergency Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the epidemiology of traffic accidents: a cross-sectional study
    ANGEL ADRIANY DA SILVA, GABRIELA REDIVO STRÖHER, HELOÍSA MORO TEIXEIRA, MARIA VICTÓRIA GUTIERREZ CORDEIRO, MARCIA OLANDOSKI, LUIZ CARLOS VON-BAHTEN
    Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impacto da pandemia da COVID-19 na epidemiologia dos acidentes de trânsito: um estudo transversal
    ANGEL ADRIANY DA SILVA, GABRIELA REDIVO STRÖHER, HELOÍSA MORO TEIXEIRA, MARIA VICTÓRIA GUTIERREZ CORDEIRO, MARCIA OLANDOSKI, LUIZ CARLOS VON-BAHTEN
    Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Incidence and Clinical Features of Urethral Injuries with Pelvic Fractures in Males: A 6-Year Retrospective Cohort Study at a Single Institution in South Korea
Hyun Woo Sun, Hohyun Kim, Chang Ho Jeon, Jae Hoon Jang, Gil Hwan Kim, Chan Ik Park, Sung Jin Park, Jae Hun Kim, Seok Ran Yeom
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(2):98-104.   Published online April 2, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0034
  • 3,159 View
  • 137 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

Severe pelvic fractures are associated with genitourinary injuries, but the relationship between pelvic trauma and concomitant urethral injuries has yet to be elucidated. This study evaluated the incidence, mechanism, site, and extent of urethral injuries in male patients with pelvic fractures.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study was performed involving patients with urethral injuries accompanying pelvic fractures who visited Pusan National University Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2019. Demographics, mechanisms of injury, clinical features of the urethral injuries, concomitant bladder injuries, methods of management, and the configuration of the pelvic fractures were analyzed.

Results

The final study population included 24 patients. The overall incidence of urethral injury with pelvic fracture was 2.6%, with the most common mechanism of urethral injury being traffic accidents (62.5%). Complete urethral disruption (16/24, 66.7%) was more common than partial urethral injuries (8/24, 33.3%), and unstable pelvic fractures were the most common type of pelvic fracture observed (70.8%). There was no definitive relationship between the extent of urethral injury and pelvic ring stability.

Conclusions

The present study provides a 6-year retrospective review characterizing the incidence, mechanism, and clinical features of urethral injury-associated pelvic fractures. This study suggests that the possibility of urethral injury must be considered, especially in unstable pelvic fracture patients, and that treatment should be chosen based on the clinical findings.

Summary
Case Report
Blunt Transection of the Entire Anterolateral Abdominal Wall Musculature Following Seatbelt-Related Injury
Hohyun Kim, Jae Hun Kim, Gil Hwan Kim, Hyun-Woo Sun, Chan Ik Park, Sung Jin Park, Chan Kyu Lee, Suk Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(2):128-133.   Published online June 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0006
  • 6,416 View
  • 102 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWHs) are uncommon and the incidence of this, which is rarely encountered in clinical practice, has been estimated at 1%. Furthermore, blunt transection of the entire abdominal wall musculature caused by seatbelt is a very rare complication. We report a case of adult with a complete disruption of the entire anterolateral abdominal wall muscle following the seatbelt injury. A 32-year-old male was wearing a seat belt in a high speed motor vehicle collision. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed the complete disruption of bilateral abdominal wall musculatures including TAWH without visceral injury. However, injuries of small bowel and sigmoid colon were observed in the intra-operative field. The patient underwent the repair by primary closure of the defect with absorbable monofilament sutures. This case suggests that especially in TAWH patients, even if a CT scan is normal, clinicians should keep the possibility of bowel injury in mind, and choose a treatment based on the clinical findings.

Summary
Original Articles
Clinical Effects of Intra-Abdominal Pressure in Critically Ill Trauma Patients
Dong Yeon Ryu, Hohyun Kim, June Pill Seok, Chan Kyu Lee, Kwang-Hee Yeo, Seon-Uoo Choi, Jae-Hun Kim, Hyun Min Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(2):86-92.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.052
  • 3,652 View
  • 81 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

There is increasing interest in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) in critically ill patients. This study investigated the effects and outcomes of elevated IAP in a trauma intensive care unit (ICU) population.

Methods

Eleven consecutive critically ill patients admitted to the trauma ICU at Pusan National University Hospital Regional Trauma Center were included in this study. IAP was measured every 8?12 hours (intermittently) for 72 hours. IAP was registered as mean and maximal values per day throughout the study period. IAH was defined as IAP ≥12 mmHg. Abdominal compartment syndrome was defined as IAP ≥20 mmHg plus ≥1 new organ failure. The main outcome measure was in-hospital mortality.

Results

According to maximal and mean IAP values, 10 (90.9%) of the patients developed IAH during the study period. The Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score was significantly higher in patients with IAP ≥20 mmHg than in those with IAP <20 mmHg (16 vs. 5, p=0.049). The hospital mortality rate was 27.3%. Patients with a maximum IAP ≥20 mmHg exhibited significantly higher hospital mortality rates (p=0.006). Non-survivors had higher maximum and mean IAP values.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that an elevated IAP may be associated with a poor prognosis in critically ill trauma patients.

Summary
Development of Korean Teaching Model for Surgical Procedures in Trauma -Essential Surgical Procedures in Trauma Course-
Hohyun Kim, Chan-Yong Park, Hyun-Min Cho, Kwang-Hee Yeo, Jae Hun Kim, Byungchul Yu, Seung-Je Go, Oh Sang Kwon
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(1):8-16.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.051
  • 3,719 View
  • 67 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose

The Essential Surgical Procedures in Trauma (ESPIT) course was developed as a model to teach necessary surgical procedures to trauma physicians. Its goals are to improve knowledge, self-confidence, and technical competence.

Methods

The ESPIT course consisted of five lectures and a porcine lab operative experience. The ESPIT course has been run seven times between February 2014 and April 2016. ESPIT participants completed a questionnaire to assess self-efficacy regarding essential surgical procedures in trauma before and immediately after taking the ESPIT course. Sixty-three participants who completed both pre- and post-course questionnaires on self-efficacy were enrolled in this study.

Results

The overall post-ESPIT mean self-efficacy score was higher than the pre-ESPIT mean self-efficacy score (8.3±1.30 and 4.5±2.13, respectively) (p<0.001). Self-efficacy was significantly improved after the ESPIT course in general surgeons (p<0.001), thoracic and cardiovascular surgeons (p<0.001), emergency medicine doctors, and others (neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons) (p<0.001). The differences in self-efficacy score according to career stage (<1 year, 1?3 years, 3?5 years, and >5 years) were also statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusions

The data of the ESPIT participants indicated that they felt that the ESPIT course improved their self-efficacy with regard to essential surgical procedures in trauma. The ESPIT course may be an effective strategy for teaching surgical procedures, thus promoting better management of traumatic injuries.

Summary
Case Report
Heterotopic Ossification in the Abdominal Wall after Exploratory Laparotomy
Hohyun Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2018;31(3):177-180.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.047
  • 3,928 View
  • 105 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Heterotopic bone formation in abdominal incisions is a recognized but uncommon sequela of abdominal surgery. On the other hand, the formation of ectopic bone is a well-recognized complication following arthroplasty of the hip. Heterotopic ossification of midline abdominal incision scars is a subtype of myositis ossificans traumatica. Ectopic bone formation of midline abdominal incisions may cause regional pain or discomfort in the patient after surgery. If symptomatic, treatment is complete excision with primary closure. Radiologically, it is important to distinguish this benign entity from postoperative complications. We report a 69-year-old male who underwent exploratory laparotomy for traumatic small bowel perforation. A segment of abnormal hard tissue was found in the abdominal wall. Heterotopic ossification may occur at various sites and is a recognized but infrequent sequela of exploratory laparotomy. This case high-lights clinical and etiological features of this finding.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Heterotopic Ossification in the Midline Scar in Xiphoid and Sub-xiphoid Region
    Vadivalagianambi Sivakumar, Venkatraman Indiran
    Indian Journal of Surgery.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Unusual osseous metaplasia following hernia repair with Prolene mesh: a case report
    Awrad Nasralla, Bonnie Tsang
    Journal of Surgical Case Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury