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Wu Seong Kang 7 Articles
Quality monitoring of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta using cumulative sum analysis in Korea: a case series
Hyunsik Choi, Joongsuck Kim, Kwanghee Yeo, Ohsang Kwon, Kyounghwan Kim, Wu Seong Kang
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(2):78-86.   Published online December 21, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2022.0069
  • 1,598 View
  • 44 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a state-of-the-art lifesaving procedure. However, due to its high mortality and morbidity, including ischemia and reperfusion injury, well-trained medical staff and effective systems are needed. This study was conducted to investigate the learning curve for REBOA.
Methods
To monitor this learning curve, we used cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis and graphs of mortality and aortic occlusion time within 60, 90, and 120 minutes for consecutive patients. The procedures performed between July 2017 and June 2021 were divided into pre-trauma center (pre-TC; July 2017–February 2020) and TC (February 2020–June 2021) periods.
Results
REBOA was performed for 31 consecutive patients with trauma. The pre-TC (n=12) and TC (n=19) periods did not differ significantly with regard to Injury Severity Score, age, injury mechanism, initial systolic blood pressure, prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), or CPR in the emergency department. At the 17th consecutive patient during the TC period, CUSUM failure graphs for mortality and aortic occlusion time exhibited a downward inflection, indicating an improvement in performance.
Conclusions
The mortality and aortic occlusion time of REBOA improved, and these parameters can be monitored using CUSUM analysis at the hospital level.
Summary

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  • Nonselective versus Selective Angioembolization for Trauma Patients with Pelvic Injuries Accompanied by Hemorrhage: A Meta-Analysis
    Hyunseok Jang, Soon Tak Jeong, Yun Chul Park, Wu Seong Kang
    Medicina.2023; 59(8): 1492.     CrossRef
Internal Iliac Artery Ligation with Pad Packing for Hemodynamic Unstable Open Comminuted Sacral Fracture
Sung Kyu Kim, Yun Chul Park, Young Goun Jo, Wu Seong Kang, Jung Chul Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2017;30(4):238-241.   Published online December 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2017.30.4.238
  • 3,623 View
  • 36 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

A 52-year-old man experienced blunt trauma upon falling from a height of 40 m while trying to repair the elevator. The patient’s systolic blood pressure and hemoglobin levels were 60 mmHg and 7.0 g/dL, respectively, upon admission. A large volume of bloody discharge was observed in the open wound of the perianal area and sacrum. A computed tomography scan revealed an open comminuted sacral fracture with multiple contrast blushes. He underwent emergency laparotomy. Both internal iliac artery ligations were performed to control bleeding from the pelvis. Protective sigmoid loop colostomy was performed because of massive injury to the anal sphincters and pelvis. Pad packing was performed for a sacral open wound and perineal wound at the prone position. After resuscitation of massive transfusion, he underwent the second operation 2 days after the first operation. The pad was removed and the perineal and sacral open wounds were closed. After the damage-control surgery, he recovered safely. In this case, the hemodynamically unstable, open comminuted sacral fracture was treated safely by internal iliac artery ligation with pad packing.

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  • Penetrating sacral injury with a metallic pipe: a case report and literature review
    Mahnjeong Ha, Kyoung Hyup Nam, Jae Hun Kim, In Ho Han
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2022; 35(2): 131.     CrossRef
Isolated Common Hepatic Duct Injury after Blunt Abdominal Trauma
Yun Chul Park, Young Goun Jo, Wu Seong Kang, Eun Kyu Park, Hee Jun Kim, Jung Chul Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2017;30(4):231-234.   Published online December 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2017.30.4.231
  • 3,134 View
  • 42 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Extrahepatic bile duct injury is commonly associated with hepatic, duodenal, or pancreatic injuries, and isolated extrahepatic bile duct injury is rare. We report a patient who presented with an isolated extrahepatic bile duct injury after blunt trauma. A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital after having suffered a fall down injury. His laboratory findings showed hyperbiliribinemia with elevated aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase level. Initial abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a mild degree of hemoperitoneum without evidence of abdominal solid organ injury. On the 3rd day of hospitalization, the patient complained of dyspnea and severe abdominal discomfort. Follow-up abdominal CT showed no significant interval change. Owing to the patient’s condition, Emergency laparotomy revealed a large amount of bile-containing fluid collection and about 1 cm in size laceration on the left lateral side of the common hepatic duct. Primary repair of the injured bile duct with T-tube insertion was performed On postoperative day (POD) 30, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed minimal bile leakage and endoscopic sphincteroplasty and endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage were performed. On POD 61, the T-tube was removed and the patient was discharged.

Summary
Diagnostic Laparoscopy and Laparoscopic Diverting Sigmoid Loop Colostomy in Penetrating Extraperitoneal Rectal Injury: A Case Report
Young Goun Jo, Yun Chul Park, Wu Seong Kang, Jung Chul Kim, Chan Yong Park
J Trauma Inj. 2017;30(4):216-219.   Published online December 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2017.30.4.216
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Laparoscopy has been one of the most effective modalities in various surgical situations, although its use in trauma patients has some limitations. The benefits of laparoscopy include cost-effectiveness, shorter length of hospital stay, and less postoperative pain. This report describes diagnostic laparoscopy and laparoscopic diverting sigmoid loop colostomy in penetrating extraperitoneal rectal injury. A 41-year-old male presented with perineal pain following penetrating trauma caused by a tree limb. Computed tomography showed air density in the perirectal space and retroperitoneum. As his vital signs were stable, we performed diagnostic laparoscopy and confirmed no intraperitoneal perforation. Therefore, laparoscopic diverting sigmoid loop colostomy was performed. He was discharged without any complications despite underlying hepatitis C-related cirrhosis. Colostomy closure was performed 3 months later.

Summary

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  • The floating rectum
    Sean Ng Kwet Chi Ng Ying Kin, William Jiang, Asiri Arachchi, Hanumant Chouhan
    ANZ Journal of Surgery.2022; 92(1-2): 264.     CrossRef
Indirect Reduction and Spinal Canal Remodeling through Ligamentotaxis for Lumbar Burst Fracture
Wu Seong Kang, Jung Chul Kim, Ik Sun Choi, Sung Kyu Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2017;30(4):212-215.   Published online December 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2017.30.4.212
  • 5,344 View
  • 66 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

The choice of the most appropriate treatment for thoracolumbar or lumbar spine burst fracture remains controversial from conservative treatment to fusion through a posterior or anterior approach. There are many cases where ligamentotaxis is used to reduce the burst fracture. However, indirect reduction using ligamentotaxis is often limited in the magnitude of the reduction that it can achieve. In our patient with severe burst fracture, we were able to restore an almost normal level of vertebral height and secure spinal canal widening by using only ligamentotaxis by posterior instrumentation. Before the operation, the patient had more than 95% encroachment of the spinal canal. This was reduced to less than 10% after treatment.

Summary
Emergency department laparotomy for patients with severe abdominal trauma: a retrospective study at a single regional trauma center in Korea
Yu Jin Lee, Soon Tak Jeong, Joongsuck Kim, Kwanghee Yeo, Ohsang Kwon, Kyounghwan Kim, Sung Jin Park, Jihun Gwak, Wu Seong Kang
Received October 1, 2023  Accepted November 7, 2023  Published online January 12, 2024  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2023.0072    [Epub ahead of print]
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Severe abdominal injuries often require immediate clinical assessment and surgical intervention to prevent life-threatening complications. In Jeju Regional Trauma Center, we have instituted a protocol for emergency department (ED) laparotomy at the trauma bay. We investigated the mortality and time taken from admission to ED laparotomy.
Methods
We reviewed the data recorded in our center’s trauma database between January 2020 and December 2022 and identified patients who underwent laparotomy because of abdominal trauma. Laparotomies that were performed at the trauma bay or the ED were classified as ED laparotomy, whereas those performed in the operating room (OR) were referred to as OR laparotomy. In cases that required expeditious hemostasis, ED laparotomy was performed appropriately.
Results
From January 2020 to December 2022, 105 trauma patients admitted to our hospital underwent emergency laparotomy. Of these patients, six (5.7%) underwent ED laparotomy. ED laparotomy was associated with a mortality rate of 66.7% (four of six patients), which was significantly higher than that of OR laparotomy (17.1%, 18 of 99 patients, P=0.006). All the patients who received ED laparotomy also underwent damage control laparotomy. The time between admission to the first laparotomy was significantly shorter in the ED laparotomy group (28.5 minutes; interquartile range [IQR], 14–59 minutes) when compared with the OR laparotomy group (104 minutes; IQR, 88–151 minutes; P <0.001). The two patients who survived after ED laparotomy had massive mesenteric bleeding, which was successfully ligated. The other four patients, who had liver laceration, kidney rupture, spleen injury, and pancreas avulsion, succumbed to the injuries.
Conclusions
Although ED laparotomy was associated with a higher mortality rate, the time between admission and ED laparotomy was markedly shorter than for OR laparotomy. Notably, major mesenteric hemorrhages were effectively controlled through ED laparotomy.
Summary
Angioembolization performed by trauma surgeons for trauma patients: is it feasible in Korea? A retrospective study
Soonseong Kwon, Kyounghwan Kim, Soon Tak Jeong, Joongsuck Kim, Kwanghee Yeo, Ohsang Kwon, Sung Jin Park, Jihun Gwak, Wu Seong Kang
Received October 12, 2023  Accepted November 10, 2023  Published online January 12, 2024  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2023.0076    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 174 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Recent advancements in interventional radiology have made angioembolization an invaluable modality in trauma care. Angioembolization is typically performed by interventional radiologists. In this study, we aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of emergency angioembolization performed by trauma surgeons.
Methods
We identified trauma patients who underwent emergency angiography due to significant trauma-related hemorrhage between January 2020 and June 2023 at our trauma center. Until May 2022, two dedicated interventional radiologists performed emergency angiography at our center. However, since June 2022, a trauma surgeon with a background and experience in vascular surgery has performed emergency angiography for trauma-related bleeding. The indications for trauma surgeon–performed angiography included significant hemorrhage from liver injury, pelvic injury, splenic injury, or kidney injury. We assessed the angiography results according to the operator of the initial angiographic procedure. The term “failure of the first angioembolization” was defined as rebleeding from any cause, encompassing patients who underwent either re-embolization due to rebleeding or surgery due to rebleeding.
Results
No significant differences were found between the interventional radiologists and the trauma surgeon in terms of re-embolization due to rebleeding, surgery due to rebleeding, or the overall failure rate of the first angioembolization. Mortality and morbidity rates were also similar between the two groups. In a multivariable logistic regression analysis evaluating failure after the first angioembolization, pelvic embolization emerged as the sole significant risk factor (adjusted odds ratio, 3.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.05–10.33; P=0.041). Trauma surgeon–performed angioembolization was not deemed a significant risk factor in the multivariable logistic regression model.
Conclusions
Trauma surgeons, when equipped with the necessary endovascular skills and experience, can safely perform angioembolization. To further improve quality control, an enhanced training curriculum for trauma surgeons is warranted.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury