Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Jae Eun Im 1 Article
A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial to Assess the Efficacy of a Multi-Disciplinary Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment Program for Patients with Fractures of the Oral and Maxillofacial Region Because of Alcohol-Related Injuries in the Emergency Department
Ja Heon Koo, Hyung Jun Song, Jun Hee Lee, Jae Hyun Kim, Jung Woo Nam, Jae Eun Im
J Trauma Inj. 2018;31(3):143-150.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.045
  • 10,253 View
  • 40 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

We have implemented a multi-disciplinary Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) protocol to prevent individuals who sustained alcohol-related traumatic injuries. We therefore conducted this single-center, prospective, randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to assess its efficacy.

Methods

All the enrolled patients (n=30) were randomized to either the SBIRT group or the control group. In the current RCT, the proportion of the patients who reduced the amount of alcohol consumption and those who received a specialized treatment served as primary outcome measures. Moreover, changes in a 3-item version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Consumption (AUDIT-C), Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-6) scores at 3 months from baseline served as secondary outcome measures.

Results

At 3 months, the proportion of the patients who reduced the amount of alcohol consumption was significantly higher in the SBIRT group as compared with the control group (86.7% vs. 57.1%, p=0.02). Moreover, the proportion of the patients who received a specialized treatment was also significantly higher as compared with the control group (26.7% vs. 1.4%, p=0.01). Furthermore, there were significant differences in changes in the AUDIT, SDS and K-6 scores at 3 months from baseline between the two groups (p<0.05).

Conclusions

In conclusion, our results indicate that the SBIRT is effective in reducing hazardous and harmful levels of drinking, the degree of alcohol dependence and that of psychological distress in at-risk drinkers.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effectiveness of Brief Alcohol Intervention in Reducing Alcohol Consumption Among Patients With Alcohol-Related Facial Trauma in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Ismail Azzam, Kai Lee
    Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.2023; 81(9): 1102.     CrossRef

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury