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Kyu Hyouck Kyoung 9 Articles
Therapeutic Role of Inhaled Nitric Oxide for Acute Respiratory Failure in the Early Phase of Trauma
Byoung Sung Kim, Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Hojong Park
J Trauma Inj. 2015;28(3):104-107.   Published online September 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2015.28.3.104
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Nitric oxide (NO) is a vasodilator and inhaled NO (iNO) is used in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to improve alveolocapillary gas exchange. The mechanism to improve oxygenation is likely to redistribute blood flow from unventilated areas to ventilated areas. Though improvement of oxygenation, iNO therapy has not been shown to improve mortality and considered as only rescue therapy in severe hypoxemia. We conducted the study to investigate an efficacy of iNO in trauma patients with severe hypoxemia.
METHODS
We reviewed the trauma patients who underwent iNO therapy retrospectively from 2010 to 2014. Degree of hypoxemia was represented as PaO2/FiO2 ratio (PFR) and the severity of patient was represented with sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score. Patients were divided into the survivor group and non-survivor group according to the 28-day mortality.
RESULTS
A total of 20 patients were enrolled. The mortality of 28-day was 40%. There were no significant differences between survivor and non-survivor group in age, sex, severity of injury, PFR and SOFA score. There was significant difference in initiation time of iNO after injury (p=0.047). Maximum combinations of sensitivity and specificity for timing of iNO therapy were observed using cut-off of 3-day after injury with a sensitivity of 88% and specificity of 75%.
CONCLUSION
Though iNO therapy does not influence the mortality, iNO therapy may decrease the mortality caused by respiratory failure in the early phase of trauma.
Summary
Left Common Iliac Artery Rupture due to Hidden Blunt Trauma (Suspected Dildo-Masturbation Injury via Endovagina): A Case Report
Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Mi Jin Kim, Byung Ho Choi, Jung Seok Hong, Eun Seog Hong
J Trauma Inj. 2014;27(4):211-214.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A 34-year-old woman experienced a sudden cardiac arrest after complaining of abdominal pain. The cause of that serious event was a hidden hemorrhagic shock. On computed tomography of her pelvic area, we found that her left common iliac artery had been ruptured. No bone fractures were observed. Her angiography showed neither atherosclerosis nor an aneurysm of the artery. Because spontaneous ruptures of the common iliac artery are rare, we suspected, based on her husband's statement, that a hidden blunt trauma to the artery had occurred via an endo-vaginal route due to dildo masturbation. Unfortunately, she died without recovery, in spite of our having controlled the bleeding by using an angiographic endovascular stent-graft.
Summary
The Effect of Acute Coagulopathy in Profoundly Traumatic Patients on Acute and Early Deaths
Minsu Noh, Song Soo Yang, Kyu Hyouck Kyoung
J Trauma Inj. 2014;27(4):158-164.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Numerous studies have investigated the pattern of traumatic death with a focus on the injury mechanism, the severity of the injury and the presence of hemorrhage. Acute coagulopathy has been treated as only one of many complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of acute coagulopathy on acute and early death due to trauma.
METHODS
A retrospective analysis of trauma patients with injury severity score (ISS)> or =25 who had been treated between January 2011 and December 2012 was conducted. Based on the time of injury, traumatic death was categorized into acute (within 48 hours) and early (from 3 to 7 days). The correlations between various parameters within 24 hours after injury and time of death were analyzed.
RESULTS
A total of 124 patients were enrolled. Of them, 8.1% (n=10) of the patients experienced acute mortality. For those patients, significant differences in initial systolic blood pressure, coagulopathy score, amount of transfusion, abbreviated injury scale of the head and neck, the abdomen and the extremities were noted. Early mortality was experienced by 7.0% (n=8) of the patients, only coagulopathy score was found to be a significant independent risk factor for acute (odds ratio: 3.127; 95% confidence interval: 1.185-8.252; p=0.021) and early mortality (odds ratio: 2.470; 95% confidence interval: 1.029-5.929; p=0.043).
CONCLUSION
Acute traumatic coagulopathy has an important role in the mortality, even after the acute phase. Early management and prevention of acute coagulopathy may improve survival of trauma patients.
Summary
Traumatic Asphyxia due to Blunt Chest Trauma with External Auditory Canal Bleeding
Je Ho Lee, Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Jeong Won Kim, Hui Jun Yang, Eun Seog Hong
J Trauma Inj. 2013;26(4):297-299.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Traumatic asphyxia, also called 'Perthes syndrome', is characterized by subconjunctival hemorrhage, cervicofacialpetechiae and cyanosis resulting from venous hypertension caused by an abrupt, severe, compressive force to the thoracoabdominal region. A 37-year-old male patient who was transferred to the emergency room due to chest trauma by overturning of a forkcrane. His head, neck, and shoulders showed severe ecchymosis, and his upper chest was cyanotic. There was bilateral subconjunctival hemorrhage and bilateral ear bleeding without tympanic rupture. Perthes syndrome is a rare condition and we treated a patient with typical and atypical symptoms; thus we report this case of Perthes syndrome.
Summary
Outcomes for Employment of a Trauma Clinical Nurse Specialist in the Treatment of Trauma Patients
Yooun Joong Jung, Young Hwan Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Min Ae Keum, Dae Sung Ma, Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Jung Jae Kim, Suk Kyung Hong
J Trauma Inj. 2012;25(4):254-260.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Ongoing treatment and care, as well as initial stabilization, are required for trauma patients. With increasing number of sickest trauma patients and shortage of surgeons, the need for advanced practice nurse to provide and coordinate trauma care has been greater. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of hiring a trauma clinical nurse specialist and its influence on the treatment of trauma patients.
METHODS
Based on the employment of the clinical nurse specialist in December 2010, the patients were divided into two groups: patients admitted from January 1, 2010 to November 30, 2010 and patients admitted from December 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011. Retrospectively, data were collected using electronic medical records. The general characteristics, clinical courses, and ICU re-admission rates, collaboration (transfers to other departments and collaborative surgery) were compared.
RESULTS
To have a clinical nurse specialist on the trauma team resulted in a statistically significant reductions in the length of general ward hospital stay (p<0.05), the ICU re-admission rate, (p<0.03), the lead-time before transfer to other departments (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION
The clinical nurse specialist, as a professional practitioner, improved the quality of treatment through early detection and management of problems. In addition, as a coordinator, the clinical nurse specialist maintained a cooperative relationship with multi-disciplinary medical personnel. The trauma clinical nurse specialist contributed to the treatment of trauma patients positively through a decrease in ICU re-admission rate and length of hospital stay.
Summary
Medical Expenses for Trauma According to the Type of Medical Insurance
Heeseung Park, Yooun Joong Jung, Young Hwan Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Min Ae Km, Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Jung Jae Kim, Suk Kyung Hong
J Trauma Inj. 2012;25(4):178-187.
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  • 5 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
In Korea, the nation's medical expenses were 12 billion won in 2010. The medical costs for individuals can also be overwhelming. If a patient has sustained severe trauma, his/her insurance company responsible may pay only part of the medical bills. In Korean, there are diverse types of medical insurance, such as health insurance, automobile insurance, and industrial accident compensation insurance. And each insurance system has a different type of payment system. Our study will be essential for establishing the optimal medical expense payment system.
METHODS
From January to December 2011, we retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 161 patients who were admitted to our hospital's emergency room after having undergone severe trauma. Of those 161 patients, 125 were retrospectively reviewed. Written permission was obtained from all of the patients. We analysed the demographic characteristics, clinical outcomes, data of the trauma, type of the patient's insurance, and the entire bill when the patient was discharged.
RESULTS
Seventy-one patients had health insurance, 48 automobile insurance, and six industrial accident compensation insurance. High-deductible insurance included health insurance and industrial accident compensation insurance, with the deductibles up to 20.6% and 19.1%, respectively. We attempted to analyze the cause of the high deductible rate. In patients with health insurance, medicines, primarily sedatives, pain killers, antibiotics, and fluids. comprised a large proportion. On the other hand, industrial accident compensation insurance deducted for a high-grade hospital room charge.
CONCLUSION
We found that medical expenses were diverse according to the type of insurance. In particular, health insurance forced patients to pay too much of the medical expenses. Therefore, in Korea we should try to identify the insurance problems and improve the wage system.
Summary
Successful Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Rupture of the Left Atrial Appendage and Pericardium: A Case Report
Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Sung Ho Jung, Suk Kyung Hong
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2011;24(2):168-170.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Blunt cardiac rupture is uncommon and is associated with significant mortality. Patients with blunt cardiac rupture usually have combined injury and do not always show signs of cardiac tamponade, which delays the diagnosis of cardiac rupture and increases mortality. We report a case of cardiac rupture diagnosed and treated by using only thoracic exploration based on clinical impression, with radiologic studies, including even echocardiography, showing negative results.
Summary
Serious Bleeding Complication Due to the Use of Low-molecular-weight heparin to treat a Traumatic Patient with Acute Renal Failure
Kyu Hyouck Kyoung, Woon Won Kim, Sung Jin Park, Ki Hoon Kim, Jin Soo Kim, Jong Kwon Park
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2011;24(2):164-167.
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  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Trauma is an important risk factor for a pulmonary thromboembolism, and anticoagulation is essential to prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with trauma. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is excreted in the kidney; therefore, using LMWH in patients with renal insufficiency may increase the risk of bleeding complication. The following case describes a 55-year-old traffic accident victim who had massive bleeding and underwent a laparotomy for bleeding control. The patient had acute renal failure, and enoxaparin was administered for the prophylaxis of DVT. Although the patient suffered from serious complications such as pericardial hematoma, the patient recovered without sequellae and was discharged at day 84.
Summary
The Role of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the Treatment of Traumatic Pancreas Injury
Min young Jeong, Young hwan Kim, Kyu hyouck Kyoung, Sung Koo Lee, Suk kyung Hong
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2011;24(2):136-142.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Blunt pancreatic injury has a high mortality rate, especially if adequate management is delayed. Although many guidelines exist for diagnosis and treatment, there is no consensus to date. Therefore, we analyzed the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the treatment of traumatic pancreatic injury.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) database at Asan Medical Center (Seoul, South Korea) to identify all patients diagnosed with trauma to the pancreas between June 2003 and December 2010. Clinical and operative findings, CT (computed tomography) images, and ERCP findings were assessed.
RESULTS
A total of 40 patients were evaluated in this study. Of these, 14 patients underwent diagnostic ERCP, and 26 did not. Of the 14 patients who underwent diagnostic ERCP, 5 were found to have normal pancreatic ducts, thereby preventing a needless laparotomy in these patients. Of the patients diagnosed with ductal injury, four were treated with endoscopic intervention, and four underwent an exploratory laparotomy. The remaining patient was treated with radiologic intervention (percutaneous drainage) to manage pancreatic pseudocyst formation.
CONCLUSION
Our findings suggest that ERCP is a beneficial diagnostic and therapeutic modality for the treatment of traumatic pancreatic injury.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury