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Kang Min Sung 1 Article
Injury Analysis of Child Passenger According to the Types of Safety Restraint Systems in Motor Vehicle Crashes
Kang Min Sung, Sang Chul Kim, Hyuk Jin Jeon, Yeong Soo Kwak, Young Han Youn, Kang Hyun Lee, Jong Chan Park, Ji Hun Choi
J Trauma Inj. 2015;28(3):98-103.   Published online September 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2015.28.3.98
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
To compare injury sustained and severity of child occupant according to the types of safety restraint systems in motor vehicle crashes.
METHODS
This was a retrospective observational study. The study subjects were child occupants under the age of 8 years who visited a local emergency center following a motor vehicle crash from 2010 to 2014. According to safety restraint: child restraint systems (CRS), belted, and unbelted, we compared injuries sustained and injury severity using the maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale (MAIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS), and analyzed the characteristics of severe injuries (AIS2+).
RESULTS
Among 241 subjects, 9.1% were restrained in CRS, 14.5% were only belted, and 76.3% was unbelted at the time of the crashes. Fourteen had severe injuries (AIS2+), all of whom didn't be restrained by CRS. Injuries in face and neck were the highest in unbelted group, and MAIS and ISS were the lowest in CRS group.
CONCLUSION
Among safety restraint systems for child occupant in motor vehicle crashes, the CRS have the preventive effect of face and neck injuries, and are the most effective safety restraint systems.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predicting child occupant crash injury severity in the United Arab Emirates using machine learning models for imbalanced dataset
    Muhammad Uba Abdulazeez, Wasif Khan, Kassim Abdulrahman Abdullah
    IATSS Research.2023; 47(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • Current use of safety restraint systems and front seats in Korean children based on the 2008–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Seom Gim Kong
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics.2018; 61(12): 381.     CrossRef

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury