Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse Articles > Author index
Search
Byung Hak So 2 Articles
Evaluation the Usefulness of Individual factors for Determining the Severity and Predicting Prognosis of Trauma Victims
Sung Yoon Kim, Byung Hak So, Hyung Min Kim, Won Jung Jeong, Kyung Man Cha, Seung Pill Choi
J Trauma Inj. 2015;28(3):134-143.   Published online September 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2015.28.3.134
  • 1,649 View
  • 5 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Many patients are injured by trauma. And some of them expire due to severity of trauma. Various scoring systems have been introduced in grading severity and predicting mortality of trauma patients. This study is to evaluation the usefulness of factors for determining the severity and predicting the prognosis of the trauma victims.
METHODS
Data on the patients who visited our Emergency departments from January 2010 to December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed using electronic medical records. The patients were activated severe trauma team calling system. The patients were categorized as survivors and non-survivors. Univariated associations were calculated, and a multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine variables associated with hospital mortality.
RESULTS
Two hundred sixty two(262) patients were enrolled, and the mortality rate was 25.6%. By multivariate analysis, lower respiration rate, lower Glasgow Coma Score, higher International Normalized Ratio and emergency transfusion within 6 hours were expected as severity and prognosis predict factors (each of odds ratio were 24.907, 14.282, 2.667 and 16.144).
CONCLUSION
As predict factors, respiration rate, Glasgow Coma Score, International Normalized Ratio and emergency transfusion, are useful determining the severity and predicting prognosis of trauma victims.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prognostic Accuracy of the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment for Outcomes Among Patients with Trauma in the Emergency Department: A Comparison with the Modified Early Warning Score, Revised Trauma Score, and Injury Severity Score
    Min Woo Kang, Seo Young Ko, Sung Wook Song, Woo Jeong Kim, Young Joon Kang, Kyeong Won Kang, Hyun Soo Park, Chang Bae Park, Jeong Ho Kang, Ji Hwan Bu, Sung Kgun Lee
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2021; 34(1): 3.     CrossRef
Predictive Factors of Blood Transfusion Requirement in Blunt Trauma Patients Admitted to the Emergency Room
Ji Sun Oh, Hyung Min Kim, Se Min Choi, Kyoung Ho Choi, Tai Yong Hong, Kyu Nam Park, Byung Hak So
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2009;22(2):218-226.
  • 1,091 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
In multiple blunt trauma patients, transfusion may be a significant therapeutic adjunct to non-operative management. The blood products must be expedited and efficiently to patients in impending shock caused by hemorrhage or traumatic coagulopathy, but the decision to perform blood transfusion has been made empirically, based on the clinician's and has not been guided by objective parameters, but own opinion, that may result in an underestimate of or a failure to detect bleeding, in delayed transfusion, and in a reduced outcome. This article presents quickly assessable predictive factors for determining if a blood transfusion is required to improve outcomes in multiple blunt trauma patients admitted to the emergency room.
METHODS
In a retrospective review of 282 multiple blunt trauma patients who visited our emergency center by emergency rescuer during a 1-year period, possible factors predictive of the need for a blood transfusion were subjected to univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS
Of blunt trauma patients ,9.2% (26/282), received red blood cells in the first 24 hours of care. Univariate analysis revealed significant associations between blood transfused and heart rate (HR) > 100 beats/min, respiratory rate (RR) > 20 breaths/min, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) < 14, Revised Trauma Score (RTS) < 11, white blood cell count (WBC) < 4000 or > 10000, and initial abnormal portable trauma series (Cspine lateral, chest AP, pelvis AP). A multiple regression analysis, with a correction for diagnosis, identified HR > 100 beats/min (EXP 3.2), GCS < 14 (EXP 4.1), and abnormal trauma series (EXP 2.9), as independent predictors.
CONCLUSION
In our study, systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg, old age > 65 years, hemoglobin < 13g/dL, mechanism of injury were poor predictors of early blood transfusion. Initial abnormal portable trauma series, HR > 100 beats/min, and GCS < 14 were quickly assessable useful factors for predicting a need for early blood transfusion in blunt trauma patients visiting the emergency room.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury