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Early Predictive Values for Severe Rhabdomyolysis in Blunt Trauma
Journal of Trauma and Injury 2019;32(1):26-31
Published online March 30, 2019
© 2019 The Korean Society of Trauma.

Jung Yun Park, Myoung Jun Kim, Jae Gil Lee

Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Jae Gil Lee, M.D., Ph.D. Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea, Tel: +82-2-2228-2127, Fax: +82-2-313-8289, E-mail: jakii@yuhs.ac
Received July 23, 2018; Revised September 20, 2018; Accepted October 1, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

Purpose

Rhabdomyolysis (RB) is a syndrome characterized by the decomposition of striated muscles and leakage of their contents into the bloodstream. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most significant and serious complication of RB and is a major cause of mortality in patients with RB. Severe RB (creatine kinase [CK] ≥5,000) has been associated with AKI. However, early prediction is difficult because CK can reach peak levels 1–3 days after the trauma. Hence, the aim of our study was to identify predictors of severe RB using initial patient information and parameters.

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed 1,023 blunt trauma patients admitted to a single tertiary hospital between August 2011 and March 2018. Patients with previously diagnosed chronic kidney disease were excluded from the study. RB and severe RB were defined as a CK level ≥1,000 U/L and ≥5,000 U/L, respectively. The diagnosis of AKI was based on RIFLE criteria.

Results

The overall incidence of RB and severe RB was 31.3% (n=320) and 6.2% (n=63), respectively. On multivariable analysis, male sex (odds ratio [OR] 3.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.43 to 10.00), initial base excess (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.80 to 0.90), initial CK (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.67 to 2.57), and extremity abbreviated injury scale score (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.29) were found to predict severe RB. The results of receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the best cutoff value for the initial serum CK level predictive of severe RB was 1,494 U/L.

Conclusions

Male patients with severe extremity injuries, low base excess, and initial CK level >1,500 U/L should receive vigorous fluid resuscitation.

Keywords : Rhabdomyolysis, Creatine kinase, Acute kidney injury


March 2019, 32 (1)
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